A verb, from the Latin verbum meaning word, is a word (part of speech) that in syntax conveys an action (bring, read, walk, run, learn), an occurrence (happen, become), or a state of being (be, exist, stand). In the usual description of English, the basic form, with or without the particle to, is the infinitive. In many languages, verbs are inflected (modified in form) to encode tense, aspect, mood, and voice. A verb may also agree with the person, gender or number of some of its arguments, such as its subject, or object. Verbs have tenses: present, to indicate that an action is being carried out; past, to indicate that an action has been done; future, to indicate that an action will be done.

Transitive Verb
A transitive verb is a verb that accepts one or more objects. This contrasts with intransitive verbs, which do not have objects. Transitivity is traditionally thought a global property of a clause, by which activity is transferred from an agent to a patient.
Kata kerja yang membutuhkan objek untuk melengkapi pengertiannya. Maka transitive verb tidak dapat berdiri sendiri tanpa noun atau pronoun. contoh kata-nya adalah play, teach, take, make, tell, lend, offer, get, dan lain lain.
Examples :
• She makes a cake (dia membuat kue)
• We will play volleyball on this afternoon (kami akan bermain bola voli pada sore ini)
• Don't tell my secret to anyone! (jangan memberitahu rahasiaku pada siapapun!)

Intransitive Verb
In grammar, an intransitive verb does not allow a direct object. This is distinct from a transitive verb, which takes one or more objects. The verb property is called transitivity. Intransitive verbs are often identified as those that can't be followed by who or what.
Kata kerja yang tidak membutuhkan objek kalimat. contohnya adalah happen, arrive, ache, glow, bleed, disappear, laugh, cry, shine, speak, dan lain lain.
Examples :
• When will the bus from Garut arrive? (kapan bis dari garut sampai?)
• I'm laughing so hard when I see you started that silly dancing in front of me. (aku tertawa sangat keras ketika aku melihatmu menari tarian memalukan itu di depanku)
• The thief suddenly disappear in the crowd (pencuri tiba-tiba menghilang di keramaian)

Linking Verb
Linking verb is a verb that describes the subject by connecting it to a predicate adjective or predicate noun (collective known as subject complements).
Kata kerja yang berfungsi untuk menyambungkan satu kata dengan kata yang lainnya sehingga membentuk sebuah kalimat. Yang termasuk kedalam linking verb adalah be (am, is, are, was, were, been, appear, prove, become, continue, feel, look, smell, sound, taste.
Examples :
• I am not afraid, because you will always beside me (aku tidak takut karena kau akan selalu disampingku)
• I love the smell first rain touching the ground (aku suka bau dari hujan pertama yang menyentuh tanah)
• I am writing my blog now, please don't disturb. (aku sedang menulis blog sekarang, tolong jangan ganggu)

Auxiliary Verb
An auxiliary verb (abbreviated aux) is a verb that adds functional or grammatical meaning to the clause in which it appears, such as to express tense, aspect, modality, voice, emphasis, etc. Auxiliary verbs usually accompany a main verb. The main verb provides the main semantic content of the clause.
Kata kerja yang muncul sebelum kata kerja utama (main verb) didalam suatu kalimat. Auxiliary verb terdiri dari be, do, have, can, could, will, would, shall, should, may, must, ought to).
Examples :
• I am watching TV (aku menonton TV)
• My dog has been missing for two days (anjingku sudah hilang selama dua hari)
• We should take bus now, because this is already late (kita harus naik bis sekarang, karena ini sudah larut)

Regular Verb and Irregular Verb
A regular verb is any verb whose conjugation follows the typical pattern, or one of the typical patterns, of the language to which it belongs. A verb whose conjugation follows a different pattern is called an irregular verb. (This is one instance of the distinction between regular and irregular inflection, which can also apply to other word classes, such as nouns and adjectives).
Regular verb adalah kata kerja yang teratur karena semuanya berakhiran -ed. Seperti study menjadi studied, walk menjadi walked, cook menjadi cooked, dan lain lain. Irregular verb adalah kata kerja yang tidak beraturan, jadi untuk mengetahui bentuk verb kedua dan ketiganya kita harus hafal betul atau melihat pada kamus. contoh katanya seperti: go - went - gone, drink - drank - drunk, eat - ate - eaten, dan lain lain. Untuk melihat daftar lengkap irregular verb silahkan klik link berikut: Daftar Irregular Verb lengkap dari A – Z
Regular Verb Examples :
• The ghost walked through the wall (hantu itu berjalan menembus dinding)
• My mother cooked tteokpokki for the first time (ibuku memasak tteokpokki untuk pertama kalinya)
• The police helped people across the crowded way (polisi membantu orang orang untuk menyebrangi jalan yang ramai)
Irregular Verb Examples :
• I went to Jakarta two days ago (aku berangkat ke jakarta dua hari yang lalu)
• My boyfriend wrote a love letter to me (pacarku menulis surat cinta untukku)

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