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Religions of the World!
 
     
     
 

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Christianity
Judaism
Islam
Hinduism
Buddhism
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Buddhism

Hinduism                                 

Islam

Christianity

Judaism

Founder of Religion and date founded:

Siddhartha Guatama (The Buddha)
Founded around 500 b.c.
Buddha is said to have been given his revelation under a tree in China. Started in northern India.

No founder. Developed from ancient religion known as Brahminism. Hinduism dates to prehistoric times. Founded in India.

Muslims believe that the religion started with the prophet Adam and was revealed to humanity by the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Founded in the Middle East

Jesus Christ of Nazareth founded Christianity in about 30 A.D. Founded in the Middle East.

It is customary for Jews to believe that Abraham founded Judaism around 1812 B.C. after being spoken to by God. Founded in the Middle East.

Types: (sects/groups)

Theravada,Mahayana, Vajrayana, and Zen Buddhism.

Hindus belongs to sects depending on what god they worship primarily. Some are Shaivites due to their worship of Shiva.

Sunni, Shiite and Sufi

Protestant, Roman Catholic, and Eastern Orthodox

Orthodox, Conservative, and Reformed Judaism

Name and number of god/gods:

Buddhists do not believe in a personal creator God.

Many gods: Brahma- Creator god
Vishnu- preserver god.
Shiva- Destroyer god

One god:
Allah

One god:
God.
Many other names: Lord, Yahweh, Jehovah

One God:
God, as well as Lord, Yahweh, and Jehovah

Is this a monotheistic or polytheistic religion?

Neither. Buddhists do not believe in a personal creator God or gods.

Polytheistic

Monotheistic

Monotheistic

Monotheistic

House of Worship (Sacred Spaces)

Stupa (Buddhist Temple)
Shrine (Buddhist worship at home)

A mandir: Hindu temple. Many followers of Hinduism have shrines in their homes as well to worship.

Mosques are the temple in which Muslim followers worship.

Christians usually worship in a church, if they are protestant. Roman Catholics and many Eastern Orthodox adherents also worship in cathedrals.

Jewish adherents primarily worship in a synagogue.

Holy Writings/Book

Tripitaka

The Vedas  and
Upanisads

The Qur'an

The Holy Bible

The Torah and  The Tanakh

 

Buddhism

Hinduism

Islam

Christianity

Judaism

Traditions/Rituals
Or Ceremonies

Meditation,
Offering sacrifices to statues of Buddha,
pilgrimage, Ordination (becoming a Buddhist monk or nun),

Pujas (offerings) to statues of Hindu gods.
Cremation of the dead
Caste System:
Pilgrimage to holy rivers and shrines, where gods have visited humans.

Daily Prayer (Salah)
Daily Washing
Hajj

Communion/Eucharist.

Prayer to God

Baptism

Confirmation/Reconciliation

Burial of the Dead

Bar Mitzvah and Bat Mitzvah

The Sabbath

Symbols

Buddha statues
Lotus flower
Wheel of Life

Aum
Swastika
Lotus Flower

Star and Crescent
Bismillah(Allah’s name in art)
The Color Green

The Cross/Crucifix
Dove
Icthus (Fish)

Menorah
Yarmulke
Mezuzah
Shofar
Tallit
Star of David

Beliefs (minimum of three)

Four Noble Truths:
1. Suffering exists.
2. There is cause for suffering.
3. There is an end to suffering.
4. In order to end suffering you must follow an 8 fold path.                        Karma
5 Precepts
3 Jewels
8 Fold Path

Atman- Every person is found in Brahma
Karma
Moksha
Dharma
Artha
Samasara

4 Paths of Life

Belief in Allah as one and only god.
Belief in angels.
Belief in holy books.
Belief in prophets
Belief in day of judgment
Belief in predestination.
5 Pillars of Islam

Belief in God as the one and only God.
Belief that God created the earth.

Belief that Jesus Christ is the son of God.
Belief that Jesus Christ died and rose from the dead three days later.
Belief that Christians will go to heaven when they die and live eternally with Jesus Christ and God.

Belief that God is the one and only God.
Belief that God created the earth.
Belief that Abraham and Moses are the two most important figures of the faith and show God’s faithfulness and covenant between God and Jews.
Belief that the Messiah has not yet come.
Belief that Jesus Christ was a prophet, but not the son of God or savior.

Important Dates/Holidays

Diwali
Holi

Buddha Day
Buddha New Year
Magha Puja

Ramadan
Al-Hijra
Eid-ul-Fitr

Christmas
Easter
Good Friday
Lent

Passover
Rosh Hoshanah
Yom Kippur
Sukkoth/Sukkot
Hannukuh


Where is the religion found today? How was it spread over time? What percent of the world's population practice this religion?

Buddhism started in northern India and has spread to the far east in Japan and throughout Asia.
Today 6% of the world claim to be Buddhists.

Hinduism started in India and developed from Brahmanism. It spread over time to Asia and then back to India. Hindus are primarily found in India and part of Pakistan. Today 13% of the world’s population are followers of Hinduism.

Islam started in the Middle East and  has spread over time to Southwest Asia, Africa, and even into Indonesia and other Asian islands.
Islam spread via the Crusades into Europe and then pushed back into the Middle East. Islam has since spread due to expansion/war, and missionaries.
Islam is currently, the fastest growing religion with 22% of the world population following the religion.

North and South America, Europe, and Australia. Christianity spread over time via the crusades and missionaries.
32% of the world population claim to be adherents of Christianity. It is the largest religion in the world.

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