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Description: What are the differences in Cognitive Psychology, Behaviorism, and Social Cognitive Theory.
Grade Level: 9-12
Curriculum: Life Skills / Careers
Keywords: Cognitive Psychology, Behaviorism, and Social Cognitive Theory.
Author(s): Rebecca Spencer
Difference Between Behavioral Psychology and Cognitive Psychology
Description: For sixty years, the contrasting philosophies of behavioral psychology and cognitive psychology have vied for the soul of psychology. From the 1920s to the 1950s, behavioral psychology dominated much of psychological thought, but the cognitive revolution of the 1950s revealed cracks in the theories of the radical behaviorists, and cognitive psychology eventually managed to gain the upper hand. But psychologists from both sides of the spectrum began to realize that both methods have value in treating patients, giving birth to a combined cognitive-behavioral therapy. Most psychologists now use a combination of behavioral and cognitive therapy.