WebQuest

Long Journey To Freedom - Nelson Mandela

Process

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Step 1:  Use the following recommended websites to answer the questions about Nelson Mandela below.  See the Resources at the bottom of this page for a word document link (you may type your answers into the word document or write your responses on lined paper).
Recommended Websites:
http://encyclopedia.kids.net.au/page/ne/Nelson_Mandela
http://www.notablebiographies.com/Lo-Ma/Mandela-Nelson.html
http://www.time.com/time/time100/leaders/profile/mandela.html
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/mandela/
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/1454208.stm
http://www.nelsonmandela.org/index.php
http://www.nelsonmandelamuseum.org.za/index2.htm
http://www.radiodiaries.org/mandela/
http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1993/mandela-bio.html
http://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/nelson-mandela-59.php
http://www.history-timelines.org.uk/people-timelines/11-nelson-mandela-timeline.htm

Questions/Notes taking: Answer all of the following questions.  You may include additional notes as well. Remember to be specific when you write your answers, you’ll need to refer back to this information when you write your journal entries.

General Background
1. Who is Nelson Mandela?
2. What is apartheid?
3. How did apartheid affect South Africa?

Childhood years (1918-1940) 
4. Where was Mandela born?
5. What his childhood like.
6. What kind of early education did he have? 
Print or save a photograph/image that helps to illustrate your point for this entry.

Early adulthood and political activism (1940 – 1962)
7. What is the ANC? (What was its goal?)
8. What was Mandela’s role in the ANC during these years?
9. What happened in Mandela’s personal life during this time?
10. How did Mandela fight apartheid in South Africa? What methods did he use?
11. How did the government authorities deal with Mandela? 
12. What happened at Sharpeville in 1960?
Print or save a photograph/image that helps to illustrate your point for this entry.

Sentencing, years in prison, & negotiations with South African government (1962-1990)
13. Why was Mandela sentenced to life in prison?  Where was the prison?
14. How long was he in prison for? What were those years like for Mandela?
15. When and why was he released from prison?
16. Who was F.W. deKlerk?
Print or a photograph/image that helps to illustrate your point for this entry.

Life after prison, presidency (1990-Present)
17. What did Mandela accomplish with F.W. deKlerk?
18. When did Mandela become President of South Africa? Why was this a significant accomplishment for Mandela and a turning point for South Africa?
19. What were some of Mandela’s accomplishments as president?
20. What has Mandela been doing since retiring?
Print or save a photograph/image that helps to illustrate your point for this entry.

 

Step 2: Now, use the answers to your questions, any other notes you took, the websites above, and  your pictures to write a series of journal entries from the point of view of Nelson Mandela.  Your goal is to pretend you are Nelson Mandela and write about the events in his life as if you were him.  Discuss what has happened to you (Nelson Mandela), how you felt about it, and why those life events were significant.  

When you write your entries you do not need to include all of the information you gathered from your research (questions) on the time period.  You can pick one or two specific events that you feel were most important during that time and tell about what happened and how you felt about it.  Infer how Mandela might have felt and what he might have said about different events in his life based on the facts you gathered.  Follow the directions below to complete this part of the task.

Complete the 4 journal entries from the following points in Mandela’s life.  Each entry must be at least 8-12 sentences long, include one quotation by Nelson Mandela, and include a photograph/image of Nelson Mandela.  You may type or hand-write your entries. 

Entry  #1 - childhood years (1918-1940)
Ideas to focus on… 
 -Roots and homeland
 -Childhood, family, and education 

Entry  #2 – early adulthood and political activism (1940 – 1962)
Ideas to focus on… 
-Mandela’s political involvement in the ANC. What is the ANC? What was its goal? 
-What was Mandela’s role in the ANC? 
-How he fought apartheid in South Africa and the methods he used.
-How government authorities punished Mandela. 
-What happened at Sharpsville in 1960?

Entry # 3 – Sentencing, years in prison, & negotiations with South African government (1962-1990)
Ideas to focus on …
- Why Mandela was sentenced to life in prison and where
- How long he was imprisoned for and what were those years like
-When and why he was released from prison
-Who F.W. deKlerk was and how he worked with Mandela

Entry #4 – 1990-present day: Life after prison, presidency
Ideas to focus on…
-Nobel Peace Prize with F.W. de Klerk
-Becoming President of South Africa. Why this was a significant accomplishment for Mandela and a turning point for South Africa?
-Challenges or successes as president
-What has Mandela been doing since retiring as president?


 

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    Description: Step One - Questions Word Document

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