African Americans have been fighting for equality since the passage of the 13th Amendment. In 1876 any advancement made by African Americans in the South was set back one hundred years when Republicans removed military presence out of the South for a guarantee of the U.S. Presidency. Facing Jim Crow laws on a daily basis became the norm for African Americans in the north and south. Finally in 1955 a brave women finally took a stand, or rather a seat! Rosa Parks is given credit, not necessarily for starting the civil rights movement, but for setting in motion a chain of events that turn the tide of history.