The word "Renaissance" is a French word that means "rebirth". From the early 14th to the late 16th century, a revival of interest in the values and arts of Greece and Rome led to a golden age of cultural blending and innovation. This Renaissance transformed Western European life.
During the Renaissance, The Western European world image shifted from a religious view to a worldly outlook. Renaissance intellectuals had a growing confidence in individual human spirit and abilities. This new focus on personal worth of the individual is called "humanism."