Adjective (kata sifat)



In this section, we introduced ourselves to the adjective, which comes in a one-word form that either precedes or follows the noun it modifies.
When the adjective precedes the noun, it’s in the attributive position.
When it follows the noun, it’s in the predicative position.

Most one-word adjectives have positive, comparative, and superlative forms. As a rule, we add ‑er or ‑est to the positive form of adjectives of one or two syllables to form their comparative (‑er) or superlative (‑est) forms. For adjectives with three or more syllables, we ordinarily use more for the comparative and most for the superlative. These rules, like all rules in grammar, have their exceptions, so that we would not use the two-syllable adjective careful and say, He was carefuller. Instead, we’d say, He was more careful.

We also met those hard-to-classify words—a, an, and the. We call them articles, but they don’t constitute their own separate part of speech. Since we use articles to modify nouns, in much the same way we use adjectives, I included a discussion on problems associated with them in this section on adjectives.

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